The Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990
(Act No. 25 of 1990)
(September 12, 1990)

CONTENTS

1. Short title, extent and commencement.
2. Definitions
3. Establishment and composition of Corporation
4. Appointment of Chairman and other Members
5. Powers and functions of Executive Members
6. Term of office, conditions of service, etc., of Chairman and other Members
7. Removal and suspension of Chairman and Members
8. Meetings of Board
9. Officers and other employees of Corporation
10. Establishment of Recruitment Boards
11. Transfer of service of existing employees to Corporation
12. Functions and powers of Corporation
13. Parliamentary Committee
14. Establishment of Broadcasting Council, term of office and removal, etc., of members thereof
15. Jurisdiction of, and the procedure to be followed by, Broadcasting Council
16. Transfer of certain assets, liabilities etc., of Central Government to Corporation
17. Grants, etc., by Central Government
18. Fund of Corporation
19. Investment of moneys
20. Annual Financial Statement of the Corporation
21. Accounts and Audit of Corporation
22. Corporation not liable to be taxed
23. Power of Central Government to give directions
24. Power of Central Government to obtain information
25. Report to Parliament to certain matters and recommendations as to against the Board
26. Office of Member not to disqualify a Member of Parliament
27. Chairman, Members, etc., to be public servants
28. Protection of action taken in good faith
29. Authentication of orders and other instruments of Corporation
30. Delgation of powers
31. Annual Report
32. Power to make rules
33. Power to make regulations
34. Rules and regulations to be laid before Parliament
35. Power to remove difficulties

An Act to provide for the establishment of a Broadcasting Corporation for India, to be known as Prasar Bharati, to define its composition, functions and powers and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fourty-first Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

CHAPTER I
Preliminary


1. Short title, extent and commencement,-

1) This Act may be called the Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 2) It extends to the whole of India.
3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification, appoint.

2. Definitions:-
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
a) "Akashvani" means the offices, stations and other establishments, by whatever name called, which, immediately before the appointed day, formed part or were under the Director-General, All India Radio of the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting;
b) "appointed day" means the date appointed under Section 3;
c) "broadcasting" means the disemmination of any form of communication like signs, signals, writing, pictures, images and sounds of all kinds by transmission of electro-magnetic waves through space or through cables intended to be received by the general public either directly or indirectly through the medium of relay stations and all it's grammatical variations and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;
d) "board" means the Prasar Bharati Board;
e) "Broadcasting Council" means the council established under Section 14;
f) "Chairman" means the Chairman og the Corporation appointed under Section 3;
g) "Corporation" means the "Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) established under Section3;
h) "Doordarshan" means the offices, kendras and other establishments, by whatever name called, which, immediately before the appointed day, formed part of or wereunder the Director-General, Doordarshan of the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting;
I) "elected Member" means a Member elected under Section 3;
j) "Executive Member" means the Executive Member appointed under Section 4;
k) "kendra" means any telecasting centre with studios or transmitters or both and includes a relay station.
l) "Member" means a Member of the Board;
m) "Member (Finance)" means the Member (Finance) appointed under Section 4;
n) "Member (Personnel)" means the Member (Personnel) appointed under Section 4;
o) "Nominated Member" means the Member nominated by the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting under Section 3;
p) "Non-lapsable Fund" means the Fund created from the commercial revenues of Akashvani and Doordarshan to meet expenditure on certain issues;
q) "notification" means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
r) "Part-time Member" means a Part-time Member of the Board appointed under Section 4, but does not include an ex-officio Member, the Nominated Member or an elected Member; s) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
t) "Recruitment Board" means a board established under sub-section
(1) of Section 10;
u) "regulations" means regulations made by the Corporation under this Act;
v) "station" means any broadcasting station with studios or transmitters or both and includes a relay station;
w) "Whole-time Member" means the Executive Member, Member (Finance) or Member (Personnel);
x) "year" means the financial year.


CHAPTER II

PRASAR BHARATI (BROADCASTING CORPORATION OF INDIA)

3. Establishment and composition of Corporation-
1) With effect from such date as the Central Government may by notification appoint in this behalf, there shall be established for the purposes of this Act a Corporation, to be known as Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India).

2) The Corporation will be a body corporate by the name aforesaid, having perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire, hold and dispose of property, both moveable and immoveable, and to contract, and shall by the said mane sue or be sued.

3) The Headquarters of the Corporation shall be at New Delhi and the corporation may establish offices, kendras or stations at other places in India and, with the previous approval of the CentralGovernment outside India.

4) The general superintendence, direction and management of affairs of the Corporation shall vest in the Prasar Bharati Board which may exercise all such powers and do all such acts and things as may be exercised or done by the Corporation under this Act.


5) The Board shall consist of :-
a) a Chairman;
b) one Executive Member;
c) one Member (Finance);
d) one Member (Personnel);
e) six Part-time Members;
f) Director-General (Akashvani), ex officio;
g) Director-General (Doordarshan), ex officio;
h) one representative of the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, to be nominated by that Ministry;
I) two representatives of the employees of the Corporation, of whom one shall be elected by the engineering staff from amongst themselves and one shall be elected by the other employees from amongst themseves.

6) The Corporation may appoint such Committees as may be necessary for the efficient performance, exercise and discharge of its functions, powers and duties; Provided that all or a majority of the members of each committee shall be Members and a member of any such committee who is not a Member shall have only the right to attend meetings of the committee and take part in the proceedingd thereof, but shall not have a right to vote.

7) The Corporation may associate with itself, in such manner and for such purposes as may be provided by regulations, any person whose assistance or advice it may need in complying with any of the provisions of this Act and a person so associated shall have the right to take part in the discussions of the Board relevant to the purposes for which he has been associated, but shall not have the right to vote.
8) No Act or proceeding of the Board or of any committee appointed by it under sub-section (6) shall be invalidated merely by reason of -
a) any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the Board or such committee; or
b) any defect in the appointed of a person acting as a Member or a member of such committee; or
c) any irregularity in the procedure of the Board or such committee not affecting the merits of the case.

4. Appointment of a Chairman and other members -

1) The Chairman and the other members, except the ex officio Members, the Nominated Member and the elected Members shall be appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of a committee consisting of -
a) the Chairman of the Council of States, who shall be the Chairman of the Committee.
b) the Chairman of the Press Council of India established under Section 4 of the Press Council Act, 1978 (37 of 1978); and
c) one nominee of the President of India.

2) No appointment of a Member shall be invalidated merely by reason of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the committee appointed under sub-section (1)

3) The Chairman and the Part-time Members shall be persons of eminence in public life; the Executive Member shall be a person having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of much matters as administration, management, broadcasting, education, literature, culture, arts, music, dramatics or journalism; the Member (Finance) shall be a person having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of financial matters and the Member (Personnel) shall be a person having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of personnel management and administration.

4) The recommendations made by the committee constituted under sub-section (1) shall be binding for the purposes of appointments under this Section.


5. Powers and functions of executive Member -
The executive Member shall be the Chief Executive of the Corporation and shall, subject to the control and supervision of the Board, exercise such powers and discharge such functions of the Board as it may delegate to him.

6. Term of office, conditions of service, etc., of Chairman and other Members -

1) The Chairman shall be Part-time Member and shall hold office for a term of six years from the date on which he enters upon his office.

2) The Executive Member, the Member (Finance) and the Member (Personnel) shall be Whole-time Members and every such Member shall hold office for a term of six years from the date on which he enters upon his office or until he attains the age of sixty-two years, whichever is earlier.

3) The term of office of Part-time Members shall be six years, but one-third of such Members shall retire on the expiration of every second year.
4) The term of office of an elected Member shall be two years or till he ceases to be an employee of the Corporation, whichever is earlier.

5) As soon as may be after the establishment of the Corporation, the President of India may, by order, make such provision as he thinks fit for curtailing the term of office of some of the Part-time Members then appointed in order that one-third of the Members holding office as such Part-time Members shall retire in every second year thereafter.

6) Where before the expiry of the term of office of a person holding the office of Chairman, or any other Member, a vacancy arises, for any reason whatsoever, such vacancy shall be deemed to be a casual vacancy and the person appointed or elected to fill such vacancy shall hold office for the unexpired period of the term for which his predecessor in office would have held office if such vacancy had not arisen.

7) The Whole-time Members shall be the employees of the Corporation and as such shall be entitled to such salaries and allowances and shall be subject to such conditions of service in respect of leave, pension (if any), provident fund and other allowances and other matters as may be prescribed: Provided that the salaries and allowances and the conditions of service shall not be varied to their disadvantage after their appointment.

8) The Chairman and Part-time Members shall be entitled to such allowances as may be prescribed.


7. Removal and suspension of Chairman and Members -
1) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (3), the Chairman or any other Member, except an ex officio Member , the Nominated Member and an elected Member, shall only be removed from his office by order of the President of India on the ground of misbehavior after the Supreme Court, on a reference being made to it by the President, has, on inquiry held in accordance with such procedure as the Supreme Court may by rules provide, reported that the Chairman or such other Member, as the case may be, ought, on such ground, be removed.

2) The President may suspend from office the Chairman or any other Member, except an ex officio member, the Nominated Member or an elected member, in respect to whom a reference has been made to the Supreme Court under sub-section (1) until the President has passed orders on receipt of the report of the Supreme Court on such reference.

3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the President may, by order, remove the Chairman or any Whole-time Member from his office if such Chairman or such Whole-time Member-
a) ceases to be a citizen of India.;
or b) is adjudged as insolvent; or
c) engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
d) is convicted of any offence involving moral turpitude; or
e) is, in the opinion of the President, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of body or mind:
Provided that the President may, by order, remove any Part-time Member from his office if he is adjudged an insolvent or is convicted of any offence involving moral turpitude or where he is, in the opinion of the President, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of body or mind.

4) If the Chairman or any Whole-time Member, except any ex officio Member, the Nominated Member or any elected Member, is, or becomes in any way concerned or interested in any contract or agreement made by or on behalf of the Corporation or the Government of India or the Government of a State or, participates in any way in the profit thereof, or in any benefit or emolument arising therefrom than as a member, and in common with other members of an incorporated company, he shall, for the purposes of sub-section (1), be deemed to be guilty of misbehavior.

5) If a Part-time Member is, or becomes in any way concerned, or interested in any contract or agreement made by or on behalf of the Corporation, he shall, for the purposes of sub-section (1), be deemed.

6) The Chairman or any other Member may resign his office by giving notice thereof in writing to the President of India and on such resignation being accepted, the Chairman or any other Member shall be deemed to have vacated his office.


8. Meetings of Board -
1) The Board shall meet at such times and places and shall observe such rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings (including the quorum at meetings) as may be provided by regulations: Provided that there shall not be less than six meetings every year but three months shall not intervene between one meeting and the next meeting.

2) A Member shall be deemed to have vacated his office if he absents himself for three consecutive meetings of the Board without the leave of the Chairman.

3) The Chairman shall preside at the meetings of the Board and if for any reason he is unable to attend any meeting, the Executive member and in the absence of both, any other Member elected by the Members present at such meeting, shall preside at the meeting.

4) All questions which come up before any meeting of the Board shall be decided by a majority of the votes of the Members present and voting and, in the event of an equality of votes, the Chairman, or in his absence, the person presiding, shall have and exercise a second or casting vote.


9. Officers and other employees of Corporation -
1) Subject to such control, restrictions and conditions as may be prescribed, the Corporation may appoint, after consultation with the Recruitment Board, the Director-General (Akashvani), the Director-General (Doordarshan) and such other officers and other employees as may be necessary.
2) The method of recruitment of such officers and employees and all other matters connected therewith and the conditions of service of such officers and other employees shall be such as may be provided by regulations.


10. Establishment of Recruitment Boards -
1) The Corporation shall, as soon as may be, after the appointed day and in such manner and subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed, establish for the purpose of Section 9, one or more Recruitment Boards consisting wholly of persons other than Members, officers and other employees of the Corporation : Provided that for the purposes of appointment to the posts carrying scales of pay which are not less than that of a Joint Secretary to the Central Government, the Recruitment Board shall consist of the Chairman, other Members, the ex officio Members, the Nominated Member and the elected Members.
2) The qualifications and other conditions of service of the members constituting the Recruitment Board and the period for which such Members shall hold office, shall be such as may be prescribed.



11. Transfer of service of existing employees to Corporation -
1) Where the Central Government has ceased to perform any functions which under Section 12 are the functions of the Corporation, it shall be lawful for the Central Government to transfer, by order and with effect from such date or dates as may be specified in the order, to the Corporation any of the officers or other employees serving in the Akashvani or Doordarshan and engaged in the performance of those functions:

Provided that no order under this sub-section shall be made in relation to any officer or other employee in the Akashvani or Doordarshan who has, in respect of the proposal of the Central Government to transfer such officer or other employee to the Corporation, intimated within such time may be specified in this behalf by the Central Government, his intention of not becoming an employee of the Corporation.

2) The provisions of sub-section (1) shall also apply to the members of the Indian Information Service, the Central Secretariat Service or any other service or to persons borne on cadres outside Akashvani and Doordarshan who have been n working in Akashvani and Doordarshan immediately before the appointment day: Provided that where any such member intimates, within the time specified in sub-section (1), his intention of not becoming an employee of the Corporation but to continue on deputation, he may be allowed to continue on deputation in accordance with such terms and conditions as may be prescribed.

3) In making an order under sub-section (1), the Central Government shall, as far as may be, take into consideration the functions which the Akashvani or, as the case may be, Doordarshan has ceased or ceases to perform and the area in which such functions have been or are performed.

4) An officer or other employee transferred by an order under sub-section (1) shall, on and from the date of transfer cease to be an employee of the Central Government and become an employee of the Corporation may determine and shall, subject to the provisions of sub-sections (5) and (6), be governed by such regulations as may be made as respects remuneration and other conditions of service including pension, leave and provident fund and shall continue to be an officer or any other employee of the Corporation unless and until his employment is terminated by the Corporation.

5) Every officer or other employee transferred by an order made under sub-section (1) shall, within six months from the date of transfer , exercise his option, in writing, to be governed -
a) by the scale of pay applicable to the post held by him in the Akashvani or Doordarshan immediately before the date of transfer or by the scale applicable to the post under the Corporation to which he is transferred.
b) by the leave, provident fund, retirement or other terminal benefits admissible to employees of the Central Government in accordance with the rules or orders of the Central Government, as amended from time to time, or the leave, provident fund or other terminal benefits admissible to the employees of the Corporation under the regulations, and such option once exercised under this Act shall be final:
Provided that the option exercised under clause (a) officer or other employee shall be applicable only in respect of the post under the Corporation to which such officer or other employee is transferred and on appointment to a higher post under the Corporation he shall be eligible only for the scale of pay applicable to such higher post.:
Provided further that if immediately before the date of his transfer and such officer or other employee is officiating in a higher post under the Government either in a leave vacancy or any other vacancy of a specified duration, his pay on transfer shall be protected for the unexpired period of such vacancy and thereafter he shall be entitled to the scale of pay applicable to the post under the Government to which he would have reverted or to the scale of pay applicable to the post under the Corporation to which he is transferred, whichever he may opt:
Provided also that an officer or other employee serving in the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting or in any of its attached or subordinate offices subsequent to the transfer to the Corporation of any other officer or employee senior to him in that Ministry or office before such transfer, the officer or other employee who is promoted of officiate in such higher post shall, on transfer to the Corporation, be entitled only to the scale of pay applicable to the post he would have held but for such promotion or the scale of pay applicable to the post under Corporation to which he is transferred, whichever he may opt.

6) No officer or other employee transferred by an order made under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), -
a) shall be dismissed or removed by an authority subordinate to that competent to make a similar or equivalent appointment under the Corporation as may be specified in the regulation.
b) shall be dismissed or removed or reduced in rank except after an inquiry in which he has been informed of the charges against him and given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of those charges:
Provided that where it is proposed after such inquiry to impose upon him any such penalty, such penalty may be imposed on the basis of evidence adduced during such inquiry and it shall not be necessary to give such person an opportunity of making representation on the proposed penalty : Provided further that clause (b) shall not apply where an officer or other employee is dismissed or removed or reduced in rank on the ground of conduct which has led to his conviction on a criminal charge.



12. Functions and powers of Corporation -
1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall be the primary duty of the Corporation to organize and conduct public broadcasting services to inform, educate and entertain the public and to ensure a balanced development of broadcasting on radio and television. Explanation: For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that the provisions of this section shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, the provisions of the Indian Telegraphic Act, 1885 (13 or 1885)

. 2) The Corporation shall, in the discharge of its functions, be guided by the following objectives, namely -
a) upholding the unity and integrity of the country and the values enshrined in the Constitution;
b) safeguarding the citizen's right to be informed freely, truthfully and objectively on all matters of public interest, national or international, and presenting a fair and balanced flow of information including contrasting views without advocating any opinion or ideology of its own.
c) paying special attention to the fields of education and spread of literacy, agriculture, rural development, environment, health and family welfare and science and technology;
d) providing adequate coverage to the diverse cultures and languages of the various regions of the country by broadcasting appropriate programmes;
e) providing appropriate coverage to sports and games so as to encourage healthy competition and the spirit of sportsmanship;
f) providing appropriate programmes keeping in view the special needs of the youth;
g) informing and stimulating the national consciousness in regard to the status and problems of women and paying special attention to the upliftment of women;
h) promoting social justice and combating exploitation, inequality and such evils as untouchability and advancing the welfare of the weaker sections of the society;
i) safeguarding the rights of the working classes and advancing their welfare;
j) serving the rural and weaker sections of the people and those residing in border regions, backward or remote areas;
k) providing suitable programmes keeping in view the special needs of the minorities and tribal communities;
l) taking special steps to protect the interests of the children, the blind, the age, the handicapped and other vulnerable Sections of the people;
m) promoting national integration by broadcasting in a manner that facilitates communication in the languages in India; and facilitating the distribution of regional broadcasting services in every State in the languages of that State;
n) providing comprehensive broadcast coverage through the choice of appropriate technology and the best utilization of the broadcast frequencies available and ensuring high quality reception;
o) promoting research and development activities in order to ensure that radio and television broadcast technology are constantly updated; and
p) expanding broadcasting facilities by establishing additional channels of transmission at various levels.

3) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, the Corporation may take such steps as it thinks fit -
a) to ensure that broadcasting is conducted as a public service to provide and produce programmes;
b) to establish a system for the gathering of news for radio and television;
c) to negotiate for the purchase of, or otherwise acquire, programmes and rights or privileges in respect of sports and other events, films, serials, occasions, meetings, functions or incidents of public interest, for broadcasting and to establish procedures for the allocation of such programmes, rights or privileges to the services;
d) to establish and maintain a library or libraries of radio, television and other materials;
e) to conduct or commission, from time to time, programmes, audience research, market or technical service, which may be released to such persons and in such manner and subject to such terms and conditions as the Corporation may think fit;
f) to provide such other services as may be specified by regulations.

4) Nothing in sub-sections (2) and (3) shall prevent the Corporation from managing on behalf of the Central Government and in accordance with such terms and conditions as may be specified by that Government the broadcasting of External Services and monitoring of broadcasts made by organizations outside India on the basis of arrangements made for reimbursement of expenses by the Central Government.

5) For the purposes of ensuring that adequate time is made available for the promotion of the objectives set out in this Section, the Central Government shall have the power to determine the maximum limit of broadcast time in respect to the advertisement.

6) The Corporation shall be subject to no civil liability on the ground merely that it failed to comply any of the provisions of this Section.

7) The Corporation shall have power to determine and levy fees and other service charges for or in respect of the advertisements and such programmes as may be specified by regulations: Provided that the fees and other service charges levied and collected under this sub-section shall not exceed such limits as may be determined by the Central Government, from time to time.



13. Parliamentary Committee -
1) There shall be constituted a Committee consisting of twenty-two Members of Parliament, of whom fifteen of the House of the People to be elected by the Members thereof and seven from the Councils of States to be elected by the Members thereof in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote, to oversee that the Corporation discharges its functions in accordance with the provisions of this Act and, in particular, the objectives set out in Section 12 and submit a report thereon to Parliament.

2) The Committee shall function in accordance with such rules as may be made by the Speaker of the House of the People.



14. Establishment of Broadcasting Council, term of office and removal, etc., of members thereof -
1) There shall be established, by notification, as soon as may be after the appointed day, a Council, to be known as the Broadcasting Council, to receive and consider complaints referred to in Section 15 and to advise the Corporation in the discharge of its functions in accordance with the objectives set out in Section 12.

2) The Broadcasting Council shall consist of -
a) a President and ten other members to be appointed by the President of India from amongst persons of eminence in public life;
b) four Members of Parliament, of whom two from the House of the People to be nominated to the Speaker thereof and two from the Council of States to be nominated by the Chairman thereof.

3) The President of the Broadcasting Corporation shall be a Whole-time member and every other member shall be a Part-time member and the President or the Part-time member shall hold the office as such for a term of three years from the date on which he enters upon his office.

4) The Broadcasting Council may constitute such number of Regional Councils as it may deem necessary to aid assist the Council in the discharge of its function.

5) The President of the broadcasting Council shall be entitled to such salaryand allowances and shall be subject to such conditions of service in respect of leave, pension (if any), provident fund and other matters as may be prescribed: Provided that the salary and allowances and the conditions of service shall not be varied to the disadvantage of the President of the Broadcasting Council after his appointment.

6) The other members of the Broadcasting Council and the Memners of the Regional Councils constituted under sub-section (4) shall be entitled to such allowances as may be prescribed.



15. Jurisdiction of, and the procedure to be followed by Broadcasting Council -
1) The Broadcasting Council shall receive and consider complaints from -
a) any person or group of persons alleging that a certain programme or broadcast or the functioning of the Corporation in specific cases or in general is not in accordance with the objectives for which the Corporation is established.
b) any person (other than an officer or employee of the Corporation) claiming himself to have been treated unjustly or unfairly in any manner (including unwarranted invasion of privacy, misinterpretation, distortion or lack of objectivity) in connection with any programme broadcast by the Corporation.

2) A complaint under sub-section (1) shall be made in such a manner and within such period as may be specified by regulations.

3) The Broadcasting Council shall follow such procedure as it thinks fit for the disposal of complaints received by it.

4) If the complaint is found to be justified either wholly or in part, of the Broadcasting Council shall advise the Executive Member to take appropriate action.

5) If the executive Member is unable to accept the recommendation of the Broadcasting Council, he shall place such recommendation before the Board for its decision thereon.

6) If the Board is also unable to accept the recommendation of the Broadcasting Council, it shall record its reasons therefor and inform the broadcasting Council accordingly.

7) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (5) and (6),where the Broadcasting Council deems it appropriate, it may, for reasons to be recorded in writing, require the Corporation to broadcast its recommendations with respect to a complaint in such manner as the Council may deem fit.

CHAPTER 111
ASSETS, FINANCES AND ACCOUNTS

16. Transfer of certain assets, liabilities, etc., of Central Government to Corporation -
As from appointed day, -
a) all property and assets (including the Non-lapsable Fund) which immediately before that day vested in the Central Government for the purpose of Akashvani or Doordarshan or both shall stand transferred to the Corporation on such terms and conditions as may be determined by the Central Government and the book value of all such property and assets shall be treated as the capital provided by the Central Government to the Corporation;
b) all debts, obligations and liabilities incurred, all contracts entered into and all matters and things engaged to be done by, with or for the Central Government immediately before such day for or in connection with the purposes of Akashvani or Doordarshan or both shall be deemed to have been incurred, entered into and engaged to be done by, with or for the Corporation;
c) all sums of money due to the Central Government in relation to the Akashvani or Doordarshan or both immediately before each day shall be deemed to be due to the Corporation;
d) all suits and other legal proceedings instituted or which could have been instituted by or against the Central Government immediately before such day for any matter in relation to the Akashvani or Doordarshan or both may be constituted or instituted by or against the Corporation.


17. Grants, etc., by the Central Government -
For the purposes of enabling the Corporation to discharge its functions effectively under this Act, the Central Government may, after due appropriation made by Parliament by law this behalf, pay to the Corporation in each financial year,-
a) the proceeds of the broadcast receiver license fees, if any, as reduced by the collection charges; and
b) such other sums of money as that Government considers necessary, by way of equity, grand-in-aid or loan.



18. Fund of Corporation -
1) The Corporation shall have its own Fund and all the receipts of the Corporation (including the amounts which stand transferred to the Corporation under Section 16) shall be credited to the Fund and all payments by the Corporation shall be made therefrom.

2) All moneys belonging to the fund shall be deposited in one or more nationalized banks in such manner as the Corporation may decide.

3) The Corporation may spend much sums as it thinks fit for performing its functions under this Act and such sums shall be treated expenditure payable out of the Fund of the Corporation.
Explanation -
For the purposes of this Section, "nationalized bank" means a corresponding new bank specified in the First Schedule to the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1980 (40 of 1980).



19. Investment of moneys -
The Corporation may invest its moneys in the securities of the Central Government or any State government or in any such other manner as may be prescribed.


20. Annual Financial Statement of the Corporation -
1) The Corporation shall prepare, in each financial year, an Annual Financial Statement for the next financial year showing separately -
a) The expenditure which is proposed to be met from the internal resources of the Corporation; and
b) the sums required from the Central Government to meet other expenses, and distinguishing -
(1) revenue expenditure from other expenditure; and
(2) non-plan expenditure from plan expenditure.

2) The Annual Financial Statement shall be prepared in such form and forwarded at such time to the Central Government for its approval as may be agreed to by that Government and the Corporation.



21. Accounts and audit of Corporation -
1) The Corporation shall maintain proper accounts and other relevant records and prepare an annual statement of accounts in such forms and in such manner as may be prescribed.

2) The accounts of the Corporation shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India at such intervals as may be specified by him and any expenditure incurred in connection with such audit shall be payable by the Corporation to the Comptroller and Auditor-General.
3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General and any person appointed by him in connection with the audit of the accounts of the Corporation shall have the same rights and privileges and authority in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and Auditor-General has with the audit of the government accounts, and in particular, shall have the right to demand the production of books, accounts, connected vouchers and other documents and papers and to inspect any of the offices of the Corporation.

4) The accounts of the Corporation as certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or any other person appointed by him in this behalf together with the audit report thereon shall be forwarded annually to the Central Government and that Government shall cause the same to be laid before each House of Parliament.



22. Corporation not liable to be taxed -
Notwithstanding anything contained in the Income Tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), or any other enactment for the time being in force relating to income-tax or any other tax on income, profits or gains, the Corporation shall not be liable to pay any income-tax or any other tax in respect of -
a) any income, profits or gains, accruing or arising out of the Fund of the Corporation or any amount received in that Fund; and
b) any income, profits or gains, derived or any amount received, by the Corporation.

CHAPTER IV

MISCELLANEOUS

23. Power of Central Government to give directions -
1) The Central Government may, from time to time as and when occasion arises, issue to the Corporation such directions as it may think necessary in the interests of the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India or the security of the State or preservation of public order requiring it not to make a broadcast on any matter of public importance specified in the direction.

2) Where the Corporation makes a broadcast in pursuance of the direction issued under sub-section (1), the fact that such broadcast has been made in pursuance of such direction may also be announced along with such broadcast, if the Corporation so desires.

3) A copy of every direction issued under sub-section (1) shall be laid before each House of Parliament.



24. Power of Central Government to obtain information -
The Central Government may require the Corporation to furnish such information as that Government may consider necessary.

25. Report to Parliament in certain matters and recommendations as to action against the Board -
1) Where the Board persistently makes default in complying with any directions issued under Section 23 or fails to supply the information required under Section 24, the Central Government may prepare a report thereof and lay it before each House of Parliament for any recommendation thereof as to any action (including supersession of the Board) which may be taken against the Board.

2) On the recommendation of the Parliament, the President may by notification supersede the Board for such period not exceeding six months as may be specified in the notification:: Provided that before issuing the notification under this sub-section, the President shall give a reasonable opportunity to the Board to show cause as to why it should not be superseded and shall consider the explanations and objections, if any, of the Board.

3) Upon the publication of the notification under sub-section (2), -
a) all the Members shall, as from the date of supersession, vacate their offices as such;
b) all the powers, functions and duties which may, by or under the provisions of this Act, be exercised and discharged by such person or persons as the President may direct.

4) On the expiration of the period of supersession specified in the notification issued under sub-section (2), the President may reconstitute the Board by fresh appointments, and in such a case any person who had vacated his office under clause (a) of sub-section (3) shall not be disqualified for appointment: Provided that the President may, at any time before the expiration of the period of supersession, take action under this sub-section.

5) The Central Government shall cause the notification issued under sub-section (2) and a full report of the action taken under this Section to be laid before each House of Parliament.



26. Office of member not to disqualify a Member of Parliament -
It is hereby declared that the office of the member of the Broadcasting Council or of the Committee constituted under Section 13 shall not disqualify its holder for being chosen as, or for being, a Member of either House of Parliament.


27. Chairman, Members, etc., to be public servants -
The Chairman and every other Member, every officer or other employee of the Corporation and every member of a Committee thereof, the President and every member of the Broadcasting Council or every member of a Regional Council or a Recruitment Board shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of Section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

28. Protection of action taken in good faith -
No suit or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Corporation, the Chairman or any Member or officer or other employee thereof or the President or a member of the Broadcasting Council or a member of a Regional Council or a Recruitment Board for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Act or of any rules or regulations made thereunder.

NOTES


Good Faith Defined -
The words "good faith" are not defined in the Act. They are, however defined in other Acts.
Nothing is said to be done or believed in good faith which is done or believed without due care and attention - Section 52 of the IPC.
A thing shall be deemed to be done in good faith where it is done honestly, whether it is done negligently or not - Section 3(22) of the General Clauses Act, 1897.
Nothing shall be deemed to be done in good faith which is not done with due care and attention - Section 2 (7) of the Indian Limitation Act, 1908.
Good Faith in criminal law is different from good faith as understood in civil law. If an act is not done with due care and attention, it cannot so far as criminal law is concerned be said to be done in good faith - Pagla Baba v. State, AIR 1957 Ori 130 : 1950 Cri LJ 769.
Nothing can be said to have been done in good faith when it is done without care and caution - Public Prosecutor v. Rajammal, 12 Cri LJ 566 : 12 IC 654.



29. Authentication of orders and other instruments of Corporation -
All orders and decisions of the Corporation shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairman or any other Member authorized by the Corporation in this behalf and all other instruments executed by the Corporation shall be authenticated by the signatur of the Executive Member or by any officer of the Corporation authorized by him in this behalf.

NOTES

Where powers and duties are interconnected and it is not possible to separate one from the other in such in auch case the powers may be delegated while duties are retained and vice versa, the delegation of powers takes with it the duties. Syed Shah v. Commr. Of Wakfs, W.B., (1961) 3 SCR 759; and see State of Bombay v. Shivbalak, (1965) 1 SCC 211 : Daulatram v. Assn. Commr. (1964) 2 SCC 286.



30. Delegation of Powers -
The Corporation may, by general or special order, delegate to the Chairman or any other Member or to any officer of the Corporation, subject to such conditions and limitations, in any, as may be specified therein, such of its powers and duties under this Act as may deem fit.

31. Annual Report -
1) The Corporation shall prepare once in every calender year, in such form and within such time as may be prescribed, an annual report giving a full account of its activities (including the recommendations and suggestions made by the Broadcasting Council and the actions taken thereon) during the previous year and copies thereof shall be forwarded to the Central Government and that Government shall cause the same to be laid before each House of Parliament.
2) The Broadcasting Council shall prepare once in every calender year, in such form and within such time as may be prescribed, an annual report giving a full account of its activities during the previous year and copies thereof shall be forwarded to the Central Government and that Government shall cause the same to be laid before each House of Parliament.

32. Power to make rules -
1) The Central Government may, by notification, make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act.
2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely :-
a) the salaries and allowances and conditions of service in respect of leave, pension (if any), provident fund and other matters in relation to the Whole-time Members under sub-section (7) of Section 6;
b) the allowances payable to the Chairman and Part-time Members under sub-section (8) of Section 6;
c) the control restrictions and conditions subject to which the Corporation may appoint officers and other employees under sub-section (1) of Section 9;
d) the manner in which the conditions and restrictions subject to which a Recruitment Board may be established under sub-section (1) of Section 10;
e) the qualifications and other conditions of service of the members of a Recruitment Board and their period of office under sub-section (2) of Section 10;
f) the terms and conditions in accordance with the deputation may be regulated under sub-section (2) of Section 11;
g) the salary and allowances and conditions of service in respect of leave, pension (if any), provident fund and other matters in relation to the President of the Broadcasting Council under sub-section (5) of Section 14;
h) the allowances payable to other members of the Broadcasting Council and the members of the Regional Councils under sub-section (6) of Section 14;
i) the manner in which the Corporation may invest its moneys under Section 19;
j) the form and the manner in which the annual statement of accounts shall be prepared under sub-section (1) of Section 21;
k) the form in which, and the time within which, the Corporation and the Broadcasting Council shall prepare their annual report under Section 31;
l) any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.


31. Power to make regulations -
1) The Corporation may, by notification, make regulations not inconsistent with this Act and the rules made thereunder for enabling it to perform its functions under this Act.
2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power such regulations may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
a) the manner in which and the purposes for which the Corporation may associate with itselfany person under sub-section (7) of Section 3;
b) the times and places at which meetings of the Board shall be held, and the procedure to be followed thereat, and the quorum necessary for the transaction of the business at a meeting of the Board under sub-section (1) of Section 8;
c) the methods of recruitment and conditions of service, including pension, leave and provident fund in relati0on to an officer or other employee of the Corporation under sub-section (4) of Section 11;
d) the authority competent to make certain appointments referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (3) of Section 12;
e) the determination and levy of fees and other service charges in respect of advertisements and other programmes under sub-section (7) of Section 12;
f) the manner in which and the period within which complaints may be made under sub-section (2) of Section 15;
g) any other matter in respect of which provision is, in the opinion of the Corporation, necessary for the performance of its functions under this Act: Provided that the regulations under clause or clause (d) shall be made only with the prior approval of the Central Government.

NOTES

The rules and regulations do not lose their character as rules and regulations, even though they are to be of the same effect as if contained in the Act. They continue to be rules subordinate to the Act, and though for certain purposes, including the purpose of construction, they are to be treated as if contained in the Act, their true nature as subordinate rules is not lost. Therefore, with regard to the effect of a repeal of the Act, they continue to be subject to the operation of Section 24 of the General Clauses Act. Chief Inspector Mines v. K.G.Thapar, (1962) 1 SCR 9 : AIR 1961 SC 838 : (1961) 2 SCA 86 : (1961) 2 Lab LJ 146 : 1961 (3) FLR 241.
Where the regulations are changed for particular cases, there will be violation of Equality Clause. Rain Prasad v. State of Binar, 1953 SCR 1129 : AIR 1953 SC 215 : 1953 SCA 578 : 32 Pat 375 : 8 DLR (SC) 289 : 1953 BLJR 318.
Rules and regulations have the force of law. Therefore, writ if mandamus will be available against administrative or quasi-judicial authority, which refuses to follow the rules. State of U.P. v. Baburam, (1961) 2 SCR 679 : AIR 1961 SC 751.



34. Rules and regulations to be laid before Parliament -
Every rule and every regulation made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree that the rule or regulation should not be made, the rule or regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or regulation.


35. Power to remove difficulties -
If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, by order, published in the Official Gazette, make such provisions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as it may deem necessary, for the removal of the difficulty: Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of a period of three years from the appointed day.





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